Another sociologist, walter miller (1958), said poor boys become delinquent because they live amid a lower-class subculture that includes several focal concerns, or values, that help lead to delinquency these focal concerns include a taste for trouble, toughness, cleverness, and excitement. The focal concerns theory emphasizes the roles of social networks by explaining how other people of the lower-class influence people from the lower-class the importance of adhering to the learned focal concerns, or the resulting consequences of stigmatization if they are not followed, are proof of this the focal concerns that miller. Lower-class culture there are six focal concerns which describe lower-class values and lifestyles: trouble: difficulty with the law toughness: another focal concern is the need to belong lower-class gangs are thought to be singe-sex peer units according to miller,. Focal concerns theory in criminology , the focal concerns theory , posited in 1958 by walter b miller , attempts to explain the behavior of members of adolescent street corner groups in lower class communities as being based around six focal concerns: trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate, autonomy [ 1 . 5 kimberly a kaiser, eryn n o’neal, cassia spohn, “victim refuses to cooperate”: a focal concerns analysis of victim cooperation in sexual assault cases, victims & offenders, 2017, 12, 2, 297crossref.
You just clipped your first slide clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Focal concerns theory in criminology, the focal concerns theory, posited in 1958 by walter b miller, attempts to explain the behavior of `members of adolescent street corner groups in lower class communities` as being based around six focal concerns: trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate, autonomy. The focal concerns theory has been criticised miller pictures lower class subculture as a distinctive tradition, many centuries old’ it assumes all lower class males are seen to act out this subculture with little reference to mainstream society.
The toughness focal concern, according to miller, may be a reaction to the female-dominated households that are common in the lower-class environment with the lack of male role models, lower-class boys learn things that distort masculinity. Miller suggested that working-class boys were socialised into a number of distinct values that together meant they were more likely than others to engage in delinquent or deviant behaviour miller described these values as focal concerns. Miller argues that these minors have other ambitions or focal concerns which they want to achieve rather than the general ones which society considers right miller’s theory identified six values of a lower-class subculture which include toughness, smartness, excitement, fate, trouble, and autonomy (flowers, 1990. Miller said this mix of ‘focal concerns’ can lead to a culture which accepts crime and deviance as normal david matza said that delinquents aren’t actually in opposition to society’s norms and values.
Walter b miller: focal concerns walter b miller idea of focal concerns of the lower class has to do with america as a society american society has many different values and characteristic patterns of behavior as a result, these patterns are a product of a unique cultural system which many people call the lower class. Multiple choice quiz deviance refers to a a trait b a behavior or action c something that is always a crime d both a and b which of the following is not one of miller's focal concerns of lower class culture a toughness b trouble c guidance d fate. Which of the following is not one of the focal concerns identified by miller self-confidence the goal of ____ gangs is to gain a reputation for toughness and destructive violence. Focal concerns theory topic in criminology, the focal concerns theory, posited in 1962 by walter b miller, attempts to explain the behavior of members of adolescent street corner groups in lower class communities as concern for six focal concerns: trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate, autonomy. Focal concerns of the lower class adolescent street corner group the one-sex peer group is a highly prevalent and significant structural form in the lower class community delinquent boys will frequently “run” from a correctional institution to activate efforts to return them.
In this paper, the researcher will identify which focal concern, as described by walter b miller`s theory on lower-class culture, is believed by the researcher to most contribute to delinquency. Miller's focal concerns definition of terms gangs: (moxson & klein) lower class a group of people below the middle class, they have the lowest social rank/standing due to low income, lack of skills or education, unemployment and lack of opportunities. Miller (1962) is somewhat different from the rest of the theorists we have looked at in focal concerns of the lower class subculture 1 a peer group that demands close conformity to group norms 2 youngsters in terms of the peer status and norms achieve status. Solutions for chapter 6 problem 2ctq problem 2ctq: do you believe a distinct lowerclass culture exists do you know anyone who has the focal concerns miller talks about did you experience elements of these focal concerns while you were in high school.
Miller thinks focal concerns spread throughout the working class, but particularly youth because of he exaggeration of peer groups, setting their cred with others showing they are tougher, more masculine, more witty ect. Six focal concerns walter b miller formulated six focal concerns in a theory attempting to explain the behavior of street corner group adolescent members in lower class communities these focal concerns include trouble, toughness, smartness, excitement, fate, and autonomy. Walter miller's subcultural explanation of why young working-class males commit crime centres on the idea that they are socialised into a particular set of norms and values that he calls focal concerns.
Miller developed his lower class focal concerns to explain how lower-class interests and values perpetuate and facilitate crime and deviance millers focal concerns suggest that features of lower-class culture also lead to deviance through a distinct normative structure that conflicts with norms of the dominant culture. Walter miller was criminologist most known for his contributions to gang research and his work on lower-class culture basically miller believed that lower-class culture has specific “focal concerns” and that the more closely one adhered to these, the more likely one was to be delinquent or criminal.
Walter miller: focal concerns saw the lower working class as a subculture with its own set of unique values working class culture emphasised six focal concerns (or core values) which encouraged criminal behaviour amongst working class youth. Walter miller’s theory of focal concerns smartness refers to street smarts and is the ability to survive on the streets using one’s wits excitement is the search for fun fate is a belief that the locus of control is external to oneself and a belief in “lady luck” autonomy means personal freedom the hard-core lower class lifestyle. Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on focal concerns miller.